Common Drugs and Medications to Treat Male Infertility






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When it comes to fertility, most of the focus is usually shifted to the woman and issues that she may be having. However, research has shown that men actually take a large part in the fertility department.

In fact, nearly half of the time, the fertility issue is not with the women, it is with the men! For this reason there are drugs that a man can take to help with fertility issues. It is well known that women need a certain balance of hormones in order to maintain a healthy ovulation.

While this is true, men also need healthy hormones in order to produce sperm. What may be surprising is that these hormones are the same in men and women. Meaning that many of the same drugs that women take for conception problems can be taken by men as well!


However, while the success rate for women is rather high, men who use these drugs see success rates of a third of what women see. Plus they have not been approved by the FDA for use in men.

You will still be able to have a specialist prescribe them, but, since there have been very few studies done on them, they are still under investigation by the FDA. Another issue that is found with these drugs is the fact that only certain hormonal imbalances will be improved.

So, which drugs are we talking about? Two of the most popular are Clomiphene (brand name Clomid) and human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) which is used with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). These drugs are used to treat symptoms that prevent a man’s testicles from signals to make sperm.

1.  Clomiphene (brand name Clomid) and Chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)

While these two drugs offer the same results, the way that they achieve them is a bit different. While Clomid works with the brain to encourage the body to make sperm, HCG, which is an injection, helps the testes to create sperm directly. Clomid is an oral pill, but HCG is injected twice a week and sometimes up to three times per week.


If your doctor is considering prescribing you these medicines, you should talk over your options with him before beginning this treatment. Typically, these are prescribed by physicians to men who have shown to have low sperm counts or have poor sperm quality and motility. However, for men who have other sperm issues, you should talk to your doctor about other forms of treatment because these drugs are not available for other issues.

2. Human Menopausal Gonadotropin (hMG)

Usually a man will go through fertility treatments up to six months. While women only take a handful of Clomid pills each month, a man will take one daily. Some doctors will switch an hCG treatment plan to one of hMG if a man’s body is not responding well.

Since taking fertility treatments for longer periods of time does not increase your chances of success, rather than going for a longer treatment schedule, your doctor may increase the dosage after your three months if your partner is still not pregnant. It is also highly likely that he will suggest a different treatment plan at this time as well.


However, Clomid is safe to take for men with normal hormone levels for up to a year. One of the best things about taking fertility drugs as a man is that if they are successful, you can avoid a testicle biopsy in order to determine what your issue might be. However, the success rate is rather low and many men have had to resort to this method anyway.

3.  Natural vitamins and nutrients

If you are looking to avoid fertility drugs, there are many natural vitamins and nutrients that have been shown to improve the quality of sperm in men, increase the number of sperm that are found and improve the motility of the sperm. You should talk these options over with your doctor so that you can understand the best combination of these natural elements.


4.  Talk to your Doctor

Male infertility is something that is often overlooked as couples are trying to get pregnant. There have been many studies on ways to improve fertility in women, but very few have been conducted on their partners. If you are struggling with fertility, it is a good idea to talk male fertility issues over with your doctor so that you can be certain that the problem is not with the male portion of your couple.


Ms. Wisniewski has over 15 years experience as a labor and delivery nurse, having also worked previously as a nurse midwife in the Philippines and India. She enjoys empowering women and providing family centered care to women from all cultural and educational backgrounds.