Infertility Symptoms in Men and Women

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Infertility. It’s something that many men and women have to deal with, and it’s never easy. In fact, experts say that nearly ten percent of all women of childbearing age will deal with fertility problems. So, what are some of the signs and symptoms of fertility? Read on to find out so you will know what to look for.

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1. Not Getting Pregnant

Obviously, the most common sign of infertility is the inability to get pregnant. People who are suffering from infertility might not ever notice any other signs and symptoms of infertility.

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Doctors recommend that if you are under 35, and you have been trying to get pregnant for more than a year, that you see a doctor. Likewise, if you are over 35, you should try for six months to get pregnant before seeing a fertility doctor.

2. Abnormal Or Irregular Periods

Another common sign of infertility is problems with a woman’ period. Abnormal periods, periods that are heavier or lighter than normal can be a sign that something is wrong when it comes to fertility.

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Also, periods that are irregular can also be a signal that things in the reproductive areas are not working properly. Also, if your periods suddenly stop, this can be a bad sign also.

3. Hormonal Changes

Often times, infertility can be caused by hormonal problems or changes. If this is the case, there are several different symptoms that might be present. Skin changes, changes in sex drive, weight gain, increases in acne, hair loss, pain during sex, or breast discharge can all be signs that a hormonal change is contributing to your fertility problems.

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4. Male Fertility Problems

Male fertility issues account for about 30 percent of all infertility cases. However, in men, infertility symptoms can be very vague and men might not be able to pinpoint that the symptoms that they experience are due to infertility issues.

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Pain, lumps or swelling of the testicles can all be signs of male fertility issues. Changes in sexual desire, sexual performance, erections or ejaculations can all also be signs that a reproductive problem might be occurring. Small, firm testicles and changes in hair growth are also things to be on the lookout for.

5. Medical Conditions

Many times, if you or your partner have a medical condition, the condition itself or even the treatments for the condition might cause fertility problems. Some of the most common conditions that cause fertility problems include diabetes and hypothyroidism.

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Also, some medications used to treat illnesses can often contribute to infertility. If you are suffering from a chronic illness, make sure to ask your doctor how it might be affecting your fertility.

Dr. Karen Leham is double board-certified in Obstetrics and Gynecology and in Reproductive Endocronology and Infertility. Dr. Leham completed her residency at Loyola University, followed by a fellowship at UCLA.