When you’re pregnant, doctor’s visits and blood tests become a way of life. There are usually so many different tests, you might not even know why you are getting them. Read on for a look at some of the most common pregnancy blood tests, and the purposes behind them.
A CBC test, otherwise known as a complete blood count, is a very vital test during pregnancy. It is often one of the very first tests that is performed.
As the name suggests, the CBC is a test that looks at a variety of factors in your blood. It will test the red and white cell count of your blood, as well as the platelet count, hemoglobin count, and hemacrit levels.
Low hemoglobin or hemacrit levels can be a sign of anemia. Your platelet count is important to help your doctor know how well your blood will clot during labor.
An STD blood test, or sexually transmitted disease test, will test your blood for the presence of any sexually transmitted diseases or infections. Some sexually transmitted diseases can be passed onto the baby, so it is important to find out about them.
Besides transmitting the diseases themselves, there can be additional complications from STDs, including early delivery, eye infections (from gonorrhea and chlamydia), or much more severe consequences such as miscarriage or stillbirth (from syphilis). As you can see, this is a very important test to have during pregnancy.
An RH factor test is an important test that moms to be need to have during pregnancy. Sometimes dads to be even need to have this test too. RH is a type of protein that is found on the surface of some red blood cells.
Around 85 percent of people have this protein present on their blood cells, and they are considered to be RH positive. However, the rest of the population does not have the protein, and are considered to be RH negative. If a baby’s mother is RH negative and the father is RH positive, there can be complications.
The baby’s blood could be RH positive, and then, the mother’s immune system could actually be confused into attacking the baby’s blood. If a woman has the RH factor, it is really not a big deal, there are simple vaccines to take care of any potential problems.
The multiple marker screening is another blood test that is done during pregnancy that can detect signs of neural tube defects like Down syndrome or Spina Bifida. These tests are usually considered to be between around 70 and 80 percent accurate.
If you get an abnormal result from one of these blood tests, your doctor will probably order additional testing to help you be sure if there is a problem. These are four of the most common blood tests that pregnant women will receive. There are more blood tests that might be done if a certain issue is suspected or if your doctor thinks they are needed.Routine Blood Tests You Need During Pregnancy,